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Common Risks Related to Cattle Farming and How to Avoid Them

February 25, 2021

Due to the rapid growth in human population and urbanization in developing countries, the global livestock sector has seen newer evolutions to keep up with the increased demand of livestock products. Surging demands result in more stressful environments in which cattle, poultry, other livestock health and farmer efficiency are compromised. A large livestock farm, especially that of cattle always riddled with diseases which can often prove to fatal to the cows. Improper storage of manure, lack of cleaning and maintenance, unhygienic feed and dirty surroundings are some of the main factors responsible for such diseases.

Although it is practically impossible to list every cattle disease, these are some of the more frequent ones:

  • Foot Rot

Foot rot is discharge from a lame cow. It is a soil-borne disease caused by bacteria such as streptococci, staphylococci and various other fungi. Vets provide treatments or foot rots but it easier to prevent wet holes to prevent your livestock rom standing in wet soil, making its food rot.

  • Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD)

One of the most common diseases in cows is BVD. It is primarily caused by the bovine viral diarrhea virus. BVD is mainly caused through congenital and other ways of transmission, the symptoms of BVD include tremors, stumbling, wide stance etc. This is a serious disease that can cause intestinal hemorrhaging especially in the younger and weaker cattle.

  • Grass Tetany-

Grass Tetany is primarily caused by magnesium deficiency in the cattle’s diet They stagger and experience neurological problems. Some of the main causes include, poor forage during winters, springtime pastures rich in nitrogen and deficiency of magnesium. Cows which are swiftly treated, make it through. However, it is not the same results for the untreated cattle.

Deadly diseases like the ones mentioned above can be easily prevented if certain steps are taken beforehand. Hygienic and nutritious feed is always a staple to ensure good and healthy cattle. In warm and humid conditions like that of India, it is not only important to give your cattle the right combination of feeds but also to maintain healthy and clean surrounding overall. A well-balanced feed is always celebrated. Our extensive cattle feed products boast about having plenty of nutrients which are perfect for your livestock.

A bigger livestock farming operation necessitates more equipment and products. This results in potentially higher losses.

  • Fire:

The risk percentages of fire, rise when it comes to livestock farming. For example, cattle produce heavy amounts of liquid manure which is stored for fertilization purposes. This manure is highly potent with methane making them highly flammable. All it takes is little to set the entire farm on fire, like:

-Rodents chewing through electrical wires
-Machines and equipment overheating
-Leaky or ruptured fuel tank
-Improper disposal of flammable waste

  • Equipment Failure:

Faulty equipment and power failures account to some of the highest factors leading to farm or livestock related accidents. Dairy farms rely heavily on heavy machines like milk storage tanks or preservation. A minute power failure could result in havoc losses and a sizeable stock of milk could get spoiled easily. Overheating is a serious concern especially during warmer months in the broiler barns.

  • Building Damage or Collapse:

Most of the barns in livestock farms are built to last, but lack of maintenance and even general wear and tear could jeopardize the structure. Without proper cleaning and regular upkeeping, corrosive emissions could lead to structure giving away and collapsing. In dairy farms, where pipes are used for both milk and water, the risk fact is comparably higher.

Running any farm requires utmost attention and responsibilities. Here are some of the measure to put in place, thereby avoiding common damages.

  • Insulation and Ventilation

A well-insulated and ventilated place automatically reduces risk of accident and petty damages. Once you pay attention to how the water, air and energy flows in your farm, you can identify problems and quick measure to even fix them up. Adequate wiring with rigid covering, heating areas with piping are some of the small steps to take for safety reasons. Irrespective of natural or tunnel ventilation, it is important to regularly invest time behind them for maintenance.

  • Spread Out Your Equipment

Space is an understated part of farming. Well-spaced farms are not only comparatively more productive, but also reduces risk of damages. Any cluster of equipment, wires or even manure could potentially be responsible for wreaking havoc to your entire farm. Take time out to find appropriate positions and ‘homes’ for all your tools. Always suspend heaters, freezers or other equipment away from combustibles and place fuel tanks pointing away from structures to prevent fire related damages.

In summation, always keep records of your maintenance schedule, quality control, veterinary programs etc. to have something to fall back to. Insurance for equipment and produce could also prove to be beneficial for farming.